Last edited by Kazir
Thursday, July 23, 2020 | History

2 edition of physiology of diapause in arthropods found in the catalog.

physiology of diapause in arthropods

A.D Lees

physiology of diapause in arthropods

by A.D Lees

  • 252 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by University Press in Cambridge [Eng.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Arthropoda.,
  • Insects -- Physiology.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesDiapause in arthropods.
    Statementby A.D. Lees.
    SeriesCambridge monographs in experimental biology -- no. 4
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQL434 .L48
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 150 p. :
    Number of Pages150
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17876215M

    A Nature Research Journal. Menu. Search E-alert E-alert. Diapause induction in Heliothis armigera (Hb.) from the Sudan Gezira was investigated under controlled conditions. A maximum incidence of diapause occurred in response to exposure to low temperature (22°C) and short daylength (12 h) during the larval stage.

    Bowen et al. showed that the brain receives photoperiod in -day photoperiod in the larval stage induced pupal diapause in M. sexta, although diapause could be averted if three long-day cycles intervened early in the fifth (final) cultured brains with corpora cardiaca and corpora allata taken from day 1 fifth instar larvae in vitro for three days under a long-day or a. In this book, dormancy in arthropods is discussed as a means of avoidance of adverse seasonal conditions (cf. retreat), either as a result of existing unfavourable conditions (quiescence and the more gradual 'oligopause') or in response to expected adverse conditions (the obligatory 'parapause' and the facultative 'eu-diapause'; 'hyperpause', 'allo-' and 'superpause' have also been recognized).

    Lygus besperus Knight, a common polyphagous insect pest of certain widely grown California crops, undergoes a seasonal facultative diapause. Experiments described here were conducted upon both field-collected and laboratory-raised L. besperus populations and have demonstrated the critical effects of photoperiod and temperature upon the inception, termination, nullification, and intensity of. MORE THAN articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology. ,PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms. biographies of notable scientific figures. MORE T downloadable images and animations illustrating.


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Physiology of diapause in arthropods by A.D Lees Download PDF EPUB FB2

Originally published inas part of the Cambridge Monographs in Experimental Biology series, this book presents an account of diapause in arthropods. The text finds in the phenomenon of diapause material for an investigation of the fundamental aspects of growth.

Illustrative figures are incorporated by: About this book. Originally published inas number 4 in the Cambridge Monographs in Experimental Biology series, this book presents an account of diapause in arthropods. The text finds in the phenomenon of diapause material for an investigation of the fundamental aspects of growth.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Lees, Anthony David. Physiology of diapause in arthropods. Cambridge physiology of diapause in arthropods book University Press, (OCoLC) Diapause is a state of arrested growth or reproduction of many hibernating or estivating arthropods.

Diapause differs from quiescence. For instance, eggs of some parasitoids deposited in hosts hatch, but the parasitoid larva do not develop further until the host is about to form the puparium.

Contents: Feeding and Digestion, Exchange of Gases, Circulation in Arthropods, Blood Vascular System in Crustaceans, Osmoregulation, Haemocoel in Arthropods, Receptors, Larval Forms in Crustacea, Role of Hormones in Metamorphosis, Ecdysis, Diapause, Segmentation in Arthropods.

All aspects of insect physiology are published in this journal which will also accept papers on the physiology of other arthropods, if the referees consider the work to be of general interest.

The coverage includes endocrinology (in relation to moulting, reproduction and metabolism), pheromones, neurobiology. diapause and cold-resistance in arthropods is still debated, and both phenomenon may not be directly related depending on species or populations (for a review on these links, se e Hodkova and Hodek.

Diapause is a state of seasonal dormancy adapted to recurring periods of adverse environmental conditions and triggered by biotic and abiotic factors that precede the arrival of these conditions.

Several monographs already review the mechanisms of diapause expression in arthropods, from initiation to termination phases. Diapause in mosquitoes. Diapause is a well-studied seasonal survival strategy and is influenced by several factors, such as the species-specific ecological interactions, biogeography, life history and physiology of many insects [].The etymology of the word “diapause” comes from the Greek diapausis (pause), derived from the verb diapauein, which means to stop or to decrease activity at a.

Each chapter can serve as an introduction for a newcomer in the respective research field providing an almost complete list of references. But beyond this it is an invaluable Reprint from the Journal of Insect Physiology, Vol.

31, No. 7, pp. i ii Book Review source of information for entomologists and developmental biologists,t general. Physiology of insect diapause.

XIV. An endocrine mechanism for the photoperiodic control of pupal diapause in the oak silkworm Antheraea pernyi. Biol. Bull. Mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole –   Unit 3: INTERNAL ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Circulatory System: The arthropod coelom is greatly reduced, its remnants being found in excretory organ or gonad spaces.

The main body cavity of arthropods is thus a secondary space—the hemocoel— filled with fluid (hemolymph) containing a variety of cell types. Diapause is an event of great ecological significance in the lives of a wide range of invertebrates.

The underlying physiological and genetic mechanisms pose many intriguing questions and have important evolutionary implications. Some of the most dramatic examples of diapause are provided by crustaceans.

Most branchiopods produce resting eggs that can withstand intense desiccation and. Arthropods with chelicera lack jaws, chelicera can chop food/inject venom The end result of feeding can be a crunched up ball or a hollow body Merostomata (Thigh mouth): Sea scorpions and horseshoe crabs All have book gills, 6 pairs of appendages, and a pair of compound eyes.

Phases of insect diapause. Diapause in insects is a dynamic process consisting of several distinct phases. While diapause varies considerably from one taxon of insects to another, these phases can be characterized by particular sets of metabolic processes and responsiveness of the insect to certain environmental stimuli.

Diapause can occur during any stage of development in arthropods, but. Abiotic stress is one of the primary constraints limiting the range and success of arthropods, and nowhere is this more apparent than Antarctica.

Antarctic arthropods have evolved a suite of adaptations to cope with extremes in temperature and water availability. Here, we review the current state of knowledge regarding the environmental physiology of terrestrial arthropods in Antarctica.

Lees, A. D.,“The Physiology of Diapause in Arthropods,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Google Scholar Mandaron, D.,Effects of a-ecdysone, S-ecdysone and inokosterone on the in vitro evagination of Drosophila leg discs and the subsequent differentiation of imaginal integumentary structures, Dev.

BioI. Book Description. First Published inthis five volume set documents the transmission and growth of Arthropod born viruses.

Carefully compiled and filled with a vast repertoire of notes, diagrams, and references this book serves as a useful reference for Students of Epidemiology, and other practitioners in their respective fields.

DIAPAUSE is a state of arrested development which synchronises insect activity cycles with seasons when food resources are available. Facultative diapause occurs in response to environmental cues. Photoperiodic diapause is a crucial adaptation to seasonal environmental variation in a wide range of arthropods, but relatively little is known regarding the molecular basis of this important trait.

In temperate populations of the mosquito Aedes albopictus, exposure to short-day (SD) lengths causes the female to produce diapause eggs. Tropical. On the basis of what we know about the physiology of development and diapause in embryos of the annual killifish, Austrofundulus limnaeus, the mechanism for maternal control of entrance into diapause must have the following characteristics: 1) it must be relatively stable in the developing embryo for at least 10–12 days and through many.Managing metabolic resources is critical for insects during diapause when food sources are limited or unavailable.

Insects accumulate reserves prior to diapause, and metabolic depression during diapause promotes reserve conservation. Sufficient reserves must be sequestered to both survive the diapause period and enable postdiapause development that may involve metabolically expensive functions.Overview Diapause refers to the state of arrested growth or reproduction that is typical of many hibernating or aestivating arthropods (Lees ).

One must distinguish diapause from quiescence. Some borderline cases do occur, but certain physiological mechanisms can be recognized in the diapausing insect which are absent in the quiescent (Tauber & Tauber ).